Here’s the first problem of the qualification round of the Facebook Hacker Cup 2014:

You want to write an image detection system that is able to recognize different geometric shapes. In the first version of the system you settled with just being able to detect filled squares on a grid.

You are given a grid of N×N square cells. Each cell is either white or black. Your task is to detect whether all the black cells form a square shape.

**Input**

The first line of the input consists of a single number T, the number of test cases.

Each test case starts with a line containing a single integer N. Each of the subsequent N lines contain N characters. Each character is either “.” symbolizing a white cell, or “#” symbolizing a black cell. Every test case contains at least one black cell.

**Output**

For each test case i numbered from 1 to T, output “Case #i: “, followed by YES or NO depending on whether or not all the black cells form a completely filled square with edges parallel to the grid of cells.

Constraints

1 ≤ T ≤ 20

1 ≤ N ≤ 20

**Example**

Test cases 1 and 5 represent valid squares. Case 2 has an extra cell that is outside of the square. Case 3 shows a square not filled inside. And case 4 is a rectangle but not a square.

**Sample Input**

5

4

..##

..##

….

….

4

..##

..##

#…

….

4

####

#..#

#..#

####

5

#####

#####

#####

#####

…..

5

#####

#####

#####

#####

#####

**Output**

Case #1: YES

Case #2: NO

Case #3: NO

Case #4: NO

Case #5: YES

## My Solution

Not the most concise of codes, but it worked.

```
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
int hasSquare(char mat[][21], int grid){
int i,j;
int found = 0;
int size;
int row;
int dotfound = 0;
int res;
for(i=0;i<grid;i++){
for(j=0;j<grid;j++){
if(found){
if(dotfound){
if(mat[i][j]=='#')
return 0;
}
else{
if(mat[i][j]=='#'){
size++;
}
else{
dotfound = 1;
}
}
}
else if(mat[i][j]=='#'){
found = 1;
size = 1;
}
}
if(found){
row = i;
break;
}
}
if(found==0)
return 0;
if(size>grid-row)
return 0;
if(size==1){
for(i=row+1;i<grid;i++){
res = strcmp(mat[i],"....");
if(res!=0)
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
for(i=row+1;i<grid;i++){
if(i<row+size){
res = strcmp(mat[i],mat[row]);
if(res!=0)
return 0;
}
else{
for(j=0;j<grid;j++)
if(mat[i][j]=='#')
return 0;
}
}
return 1;
}
int main(){
char mat[20][21];
int i,j;
int k,n;
int grid;
char c;
scanf("%d",&n);
for(k=0;k<n;k++){
scanf("%d",&grid);
scanf("%c",&c);
for(i=0;i<grid;i++){
for(j=0;j<grid;j++){
scanf("%c",&mat[i][j]);
}
mat[i][j] = '\0';
scanf("%c",&c);
}
if(k>0)
printf("\n");
if(hasSquare(mat,grid))
printf("Case #%d: YES",k+1);
else
printf("Case #%d: NO",k+1);
}
return 0;
}
```

Bipul Ranjan#include

using namespace std;

int main(){

int T;

cin >> T;

for(int t=1; t> N;

for(int i=0; i<N; i++){

for(int j=0; j> c;

if(!square)

continue;

switch(mode){

case 0:

if(c==’#’){

mode = 1;

rows = i;

cols = j;

}

break;

case 1:

if(c==’.’){

mode = 2;

cole = j-1;

rowe = rows+(cole-cols);

}

break;

case 2:

if(c==’#’ && (i>rowe || jcole))

square = false;

else if(c==’.’ && i=cols && j<=cole)

square = false;

}

}

if(mode==1){

mode = 2;

cole = N-1;

rowe = rows+(cole-cols);

}

}

if(square)

cout << "Case #" << t << ": YES" << endl;

else

cout << "Case #" << t << ": NO" << endl;

}

}